Life is what you make it. You are the storyteller of your own book and only you can write the ending.
On this day (March 2), Claudette Colvin became the first person to challenge the racial segregation in intrastate public transportation. Nine months prior to Rosa Parks, 15-year-old Claudette refused to give up her seat to a white woman. Educated about black history and her constitutional rights, Claudette recalls years later, “I couldn’t get up that day…History kept me stuck to my seat. I felt the hand of Harriet Tubman pushing down on one shoulder and Sojourner Truth pushing down on the other.” Ms. Colvin was one of four women plaintiffs in Browder v. Gayle, the court case that successfully overturned bus segregation laws in Montgomery and Alabama.
Colvin’s story had long been muted within the civil rights era narrative. In 2009, Phillip Hoose gave voice to Colvin’s story with his book: Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice. Hoose’s book is available for purchase in the Schomburg Gift Shop.
Source: Truths You Won’t Believe
Debunking more lies and racist misinformation about black men. Stop the ignorance and start to question why these myths exist in the first place, if not to demonize black men and promote the image of us as inherently criminal and violent and incapable of being educated.
Happy 31st Birthday Lupita Nyong’o! (March 1st, 1983)
Autum Ashante was accepted into the University of Connecticut at age 13.
Stephen R. Stafford II entered Morehouse College at the age 11 with three majors.
Tony Hansberry II at age 14 developed a time reducing method for hysterectomies at Shands Hospital
Honor them by sharing this post.
"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other. I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves." —Harriet "OG" Tubman.
Feb. 13 2014
Throughout the late 19th century, and well into the 1950′s, Africans and in some cases Native Americans, were kept as exhibits in zoos. Far from a relic from an unenlightened past, remnants of such exhibits have continued in Europe as late as the 2000′s.
Throughout the early 20th century, Germany held what was termed a, “Peoples Show,” or Völkerschau. Africans were brought in as carnival or zoo exhibits for passers-by to gawk at.
Only decades before, in the late 1800′s, Europe had been filled with, “human zoos,” in cities like Paris, Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, and Warsaw. New York too saw these popular exhibits continue into the 20th century. There was an average of 200,000 to 300,000 visitors who attended each exhibition in each city.
Carl Hagenbeck of Germany ran exhibits of what he called, “purely natural,” populations, usually East Asian Islanders, but in 1876, he also sent a collaborator to the Sudan to bring back, “wild beasts and Nubians.” The traveling Nubian exhibit was a huge success in cities like Paris, London, and Berlin.
The World’s Fair, in 1889 was visited by 28 million people, who lined up to see 400 indigenous people as the major attraction. The 1900 World’s Fair followed suit, as did the Colonial Exhibitions in Marseilles (1906 and 1922) and in Paris (1907 and 1931) which displayed naked or semi-naked humans in cages. Paris saw 34 million people attend their exhibition in six months alone.
Just four years shy of the 20th century, the Cincinnati Zoo kept one hundred Sioux Native Americans in a mock village at the zoo for three months.
"…Colonial Exhibitions in Marseilles (1906 and 1922) and in Paris (1907 and 1931) which displayed naked or semi-naked humans in cages.”
1931 is 80 years ago. People are still alive today that were around then. White people be like “it was my ancestors, 400 years ago” damn no it was your grandparents and their families going to these exhibits!